Engraving from 'The History of Japan' (1727) by Engelbert Kaempfer (1651-1716). Kaempfer was a German physician working at the Dutch trading post in Japan from 1690-1692. On his return to Europe he wrote 'The History of Japan', which records many aspects of Japan in the Genroku period (1688- 1704). The publication was prepared by J G Scheuchzer, who had not visited Japan. He is probably responsible for this fanciful image of the famous temple, which was actually built against the mountain on stilts.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library