Shimozu and the Straits of Kaminoseki, Japan, c 1690.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving showing Shimozu (top) and the Straits of Kaminoseki (Morizu and Kaminoseki, bottom), on the route taken by the Dutch tributary misions to the Shogun in Edo (now known as Tokyo). From 'The History of Japan' (1727) by Engelbert Kaempfer (1651-1716). Kaempfer was a German physician working at the Dutch trading post in Japan from 1690-1692. He asembled a large collection, including natural specimens, costumes, books, calendars, and maps. On his return to Europe he wrote 'The History of Japan', which records many aspects of Japan in the Genroku period (1688- 1704).