Engraving after Japanese prints, including including a moray eel (fig 2), loaches (fig 3), a seaqualm (fig 5), and an octopus (fig 7). From 'The History of Japan' (1727) by Engelbert Kaempfer (1651-1716). Kaempfer was a German physician working at the Dutch trading post in Japan from 1690-1692. He asembled a large collection which was to end up at the British Museum. On his return to Europe he wrote 'The History of Japan', which records many aspects of Japan in the Genroku period (1688- 1704).
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library