Stupa near Pak Chong, Siam (Thailand), c 1690.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by G van der Gucht after drawings by Engelbert Kaempfer (1651-1716). Plate 4 from 'The History of Japan' (1727) by Engelbert Kaempfer, showing the plan and elevation of a stupa (Buddhist shrine). Kaempfer was a German physician working at the Dutch trading post in Japan from 1690-1692. He asembled a large collection, including natural specimens, costumes, books, calendars, and maps, which was to become part of the British Museum. On his return to Europe he wrote 'The History of Japan', which records many aspects of Japan in the Genroku period (1688- 1704).