Engraving by Bartolozzi after a drawing by Webber made during Captain Cook's second Pacific voyage; full length portrait of a young woman of the island of Otaheite (now known as Tahiti, part of French Polynesia) wearing an elaborate costume. From 'Complete History of Captain Cook's First, Second and Third Voyages' (1784). Captain James Cook (1728-1779), the famed navigator and hydrographer, transformed the West's knowledge of the Pacific region after making three exploratory voyages there. During this his second voyage (1772-1775), in the 'Adventure' and 'Resolution', Cook and his crew crosed latitude 70 degrees, the furthest south then reached by Europeans.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library