'A Night Dance by Men, in Hapaee', c 1774.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Men dancing on the island of Hapaee (Ha'apai, Central Tonga), one of the Friendly Islands, being watched by Captain Cook and his officers. From 'Complete History of Captain Cook's First, Second and Third Voyages' (1784). Captain James Cook (1728- 1779), the famed navigator and hydrographer, transformed the West's knowledge of the Pacific region after making three exploratory voyages there. During this his second voyage (1772-1775), in the 'Adventure' and 'Resolution', Cook and his crew crosed the latitude 70 degrees, the furthest south then reached by Europeans.