The voyages of Captain Cook, c 1784.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
World map showing the three Pacific voyages of Captain James Cook (1728-1779), the famed navigator and hydrographer who transformed the West's knowledge of the Pacific region. From 'Complete History of Captain Cook's First, Second and Third Voyages' (1784). The first voyage (1768-1771), in the 'Endeavour', was to observe the transit of Venus (1769) and to seek out the fifth continent - Australia. The second and third voyages (1772- 1775 and 1776-1779), both in the ships 'Adventure' and 'Resolution', further explored the Pacific, and sought a northern sea pasage between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.