The second Eddystone lighthouse, 1755.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by J Record made in 1784, based on a cros-sectional drawing of the lighthouse made in the year of its destruction in 1755. Designed by John Rudyerd and built between 1706 and 1709, this was the second of four lighthouses to be built on Eddystone Rocks. Situated 14 miles off the coast of Plymouth in Devon, Eddystone Rocks are the location of the most famous lighthouse in Britain. Rudyerd's lighthouse, which was built of wood, burned down in December 1755 after the tallow candles that emitted the lighthouse signal set light to the structure.