Joseph Jackson Lister, amateur microscopist, 1866-1869.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Photo-engraving by Emery Walker after a photograph by Maull & Co, London. Lister (1786-1869), father of Joseph Lister, was a wine merchant who maintained an interest in optics. He developed a system of building a lens that reduced chromatic and spherical aberrations. An improved version of Lister's microscope was built by James Smith in 1826 and in 1832, Lister became a fellow of the Royal Society.