Nikon S rangefinder camera, 1951-1955.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
The Nikon S 35 millimetre single lens reflex (SLR) camera was made by Nippon Kogaka, Japan. It featured rangefinder focusing and was the first Nikon camera to use the 24mm x 36mm picture format which is standard in 35mm photography. Since World War II, Japanese manufacturers have been at the forefront of the camera market from the point of view of both innovation and quality.