Essex wagon c 1870.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Model (scale 1:8). This wagon has the general features of the Essex farm wagon as used during the latter part of the nineteenth century. It had some of the details modified from the earlier versions due to economic reasons. The two staples under the rear ends of the sides are provided to take the breeching traces of a horse that was hitched behind the wagon for the sole purpose of 'sitting in the breeching' as an additional brake when the wagon was going downhill with a heavy load. 19th century farm wagons of various counties differed in details of design, giving them individuality.