Hand-coloured etching by Peter Fabris (active 1768-1779). Illustrated plate from William Hamilton's study of Italian volcanoes, 'Campi Phlegraei' (published in Naples, 1776). The view of Lake Avernus taken from the road between Puzzoli and Cuma, near Naples, showing (2) the outside of the cove of Monte Nuovo, (3) Lake Lucrine, (4) Baia, famed for its ancient ruins and (6) the ruins of the Temple of Proserpine. Based on letters to the Royal Society, Hamilton's book is a seminal work on the nature and effects of volcanic explosions.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library