The crater of Monte Gauro, Kindom of Naples, c 1770.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Hand-coloured etching by Peter Fabris (active 1768-1779), after his own drawing. Illustrated plate from William Hamilton's study of Italian volcanoes, 'Campi Phlegraei' (published in Naples, 1776). The view from the top of Monte Gauro (also known as Barbaro), southern Italy, looking into its (1) crater, which is a fertile plain about four miles in circumference. Also shows (3) Monte Nuovo, (4) Lake of Avernus, (5) Lake of Fusaro, (6) the Arco Felice, supposed to be the ancient gate of Cuma, (7) Mountain of Cuma and (8) the Lake of Licola.