Abraham Wivell fire escape, c 1836.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Model (scale 1:6). Demonstration model of a fire escape made by Abraham Wivell to illustrate a series of lectures on fire-fighting that he gave in 1836. The fly ladder was swung into position with ropes and a rescued person could be pased down the canvas chute beneath the ladder. Wivell was responsible for 85 fire escape stations being established in the London district. This ladder was superceded by the lattice-girder extending fire escape, patented by James Shand in 1880.