Medal depicting Ludwig Mond, industrial chemist, 1908.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Ludwig Mond (1839-1909) was a German-born industrial chemist who set-up the first ammonia-soda plant in England, producing soda from common salt, ammonia and carbon dioxide, in partnership with John Brunner. Brunner, Mond & Co was formed in 1881, and merged with others in 1926, forming Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd (ICI). Mond discovered that carbon monoxide, combined with nickel in its ore, formed a gaseous compound, nickle carbonyl. On heating, this decomposed to give pure nickel. The Society of Chemical Industry (SCI) instigated the annual award of a Ludwig Mond Medal for Health, Welfare and Well-Being in Industry in 1999.