William Hunter, British anatomist and obstetrician, c 1740.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Late 18th or early 19th century enamel miniature by Henry Bone, after the original oil painting by Allan Ramsay. William Hunter, MD, FRS, FSA (1718-1783), was an eminent Scottish anatomist and obstetrician, who trained his younger brother John at his school of anatomy in Covent Garden. John Hunter (1728-1793) later became a famed physiologist and surgeon in his own right, and William claimed several of his brother's discoveries. William Hunter became Physician Extraordinary to Queen Charlotte in 1764, the first Professor of Anatomy of the Royal Academy in 1768, and President of the Medical Society in 1781. His museum was acquired by Glasgow University.