HMV electric gramophone, 1929.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
This floor-standing gramophone, model 163, was produced by HMV at the height of the dance band era. The gramophone had been invented by the German-American, Emile Berliner (1851-1929) in 1888. It played flat disc records, which look very similar to LP records at 78 rpm. These were gradually replaced by records. By 1929, gramophones like this, although expensive, were in widespread use. This particular model, with its 'Tone Chamber', is still thought to have produced the highest ever quality of sound reproduction obtainable from an acoustic gramophone playing 78 rpm records.