Sir Hans Sloane, Northern Irish physician and naturalist, c 1700-1730.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Portrait by Sir Godfrey Kneller of Sir Hans Sloane (1660-1753). Sloane had an illustrious career which included being physician to the Governor of Jamaica from 1685-1686 (which inspired him to write the 'Natural History of Jamaica' of 1705-1725), acting as Secretary to the Royal Society from 1693 to 1713, being physician-general to the army and the first physician to George II. In 1721 Sloane bought the Manor of Chelsea which he leased to the Apothecaries' Gardens, thus creating the Chelsea Physic Garden. The nearby Sloane Street and Sloane Square are named after him. Sloane's personal collection of antiquities, curiosities and samples of natural history formed the basis of what is now known as the British Museum.