Sample of wattle and daub, from Penshurst, Kent, c 13th-15th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
From a collection of samples of building materials made by Dr S B Hamilton and Dr N Davey of the Building Research Station, Watford. This was one of the most common building materials in medieval times, particularly used in panels between wood in timber-framed buildings. Wattle is woven or nailed wooden strips, often hazel, with daub, lime mixed with clay, applied over it.