Specimen of mosaic faced Roman concrete. 130-150 A.D.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Mosaic is a technique for decorating floors and walls in which square or rectangular pieces of stone, glas or ceramic of consistant size, known as teserae are set in a mortar. It developed from the use of pebbles to make decorative pavements, in which patterns were produced using stones of varying colours and sizes.The Romans used mosaic pavements in public buildings and private villas.Throughout the Roman Empire local stones were used supplemented by some imported pottery, glas and brightly coloured stone.