Dagger, Persian, 18th century.
2 9 c m
actual image size: 32cm x 21cm

Dagger, Persian, 18th century.

© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library


By varying its composition, and with suitable heat treatment, steel may be made soft and tough, springy, or hard and able to retain a hard edge. In a weapon, a combination of these properties is desirable. This dagger has a 'watered' or 'damascened' steel blade, an effect resulting from etching a blade made of steel of varying compositions, providing a suitable combination of properties. The highly skilled art of making such blades was perfected in the Middle East in medieval times.

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