Samuel Franklin Cody, British aviator, before his fatal accident, 1913.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Cody at Brooklands, Surrey, shortly before his fatal accident. American-born Cody (1862-1913) obtained British nationality in 1896. Cody pioneered the manlifting kite as a means of military observation - the kite holds the observer while the cable is supported by several smaller kites. On 16 October 1908 Cody made the first powered flight in Britain in his British Army aeroplane No 1 using a 50-hp Antoinette engine. He also took part in the planning and construction of the first British dirigible airship. He was killed in a flying accident after this photograph was taken.