The Charles & Robert balloon, 'Globe', 1783.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
A scent holder made in the shape of the Charles & Robert balloon, 'Globe'. This was the world's first gas balloon, designed by a French profesor of physics, Jacques Charles, and constructed by the brothers Jean and Noel Robert, who had developed a special rubber-coating for the hydrogen-filled balloon. It made its first unmanned ascent from the Place des Victoires, on 27th August 1783. Later, on 1st December 1783, Profesor Charles and Noel Robert made the first manned hydrogen balloon flight.