Cinema pioneers at a Paris convention, 1909.
3 4 c m
actual image size: 32cm x 26cm

Cinema pioneers at a Paris convention, 1909.

© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library


This group includes Robert W Paul, Cecil Hepworth, George Melies, James A Williamson, G H Cricks, J H Martin and W G Barker. Paul (1869-1943) made one of the first news films; Hepworth (1874-1953) invented a type of arc lamp, wrote the first book on the cinema and established his own film company; Melies (1861-1938) made the famous 'A Trip to the Moon' (1902), with early special effects; Williamson (1855-1933) started out making short films and moved into the manufacture of film equipment; G H Cricks' 'A Visit To Peek Frean And Co's Biscuit Works' (1906) was one of the first films to use indoor arc lighting; Martin directed 'The Freak Barber'(1905) featuring a barber who cuts his customer's heads off; Barker made 'Henry VIII' (1911).

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