Boers waiting for pases to go home, Pretoria, South Africa, 1901.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
One of a boxed set of stereoscope photographs produced for sale to the general public by a profesional firm of photographers, Underwood and Underwood. The Second Boer War (1899-1902) was the first war to be covered comprehensively by both film and still photography. This was the result of improved technology in both photographic equipment and printing techniques. More than 25,000 Boer soldiers were taken prisoner by the British during the course of the war, and from mid 1900, as the Boers used guerrilla tactics against their numerically superior opponents, the British adopted a scorched earth policy. They destroyed some 30,000 farms and incarcerated the non-combatant population in concentration camps, where over 20,000 died.