'Orange River Hospital, South Africa', 1900.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Nurses attending to lightly wounded patients. One of a boxed set of stereoscope photographs produced for sale to the general public by a profesional firm of photographers, Underwood and Underwood. The Second Boer War (1899-1902) was the first war to be covered comprehensively by both film and still photography. This was the result of improved technology in both photographic equipment and printing techniques; cameras were more portable and magazines reproduced half-tone photographs. British and Empire forces suffered over 50,000 casualties in the course of the war. On both the British and the Boer side, more soldiers died of disease than were killed in action or died from wounds.