'Transvaal country south of Johannesburg, South Africa', 1900.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
One of a boxed set of stereoscope photographs produced for sale to the general public by a profesional firm of photographers, Underwood and Underwood. The Second Boer War (1899-1902) was the first war to be covered comprehensively by both film and still photography. This was the result of improved technology in both photographic equipment and printing techniques; cameras were more portable and magazines reproduced half-tone photographs. The Transvaal was one of the two Boer Republics which fought the British in the war. Its main towns, Johannesburg and Pretoria, fell to the British by June 1900, but using their mobility and the rugged terrain of the High Veldt to their advantage, the Boers continued to fight for another two years.