Charles Babbage, pioneer of machine computing, 1833.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by R C Roffe of Charles Babbage as the Lucasian Profesor of Mathematics at Cambridge after a family portrait. Babbage (1791-1871) conceived the idea of an advanced calculating machine to print mathematical tables in 1812. It was designed to evaluate any mathematical formula and have higher powers of analysis than his original difference engine. His use of presure die-casting for quantity production of interchangeable parts is among the earliest documented use of this technique. Published by M Salmon, Mechanics Magazine Office. Isued as a frontispiece to Mechanics Magazine, vol XVIII, October 1832 - March 1833.