An ICL 1906 computer at ICL Stevenage, Hertfordshire, 1974.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
International Computers Limited (ICL), an amalgamation of several English companies, began as a subsidary of the American Tabulating Machine Company. They launched their first computer, the 1200 series, in 1954. This company merged in 1959 with the English version of Powers Samas, forming ICT (International Computers and Tabulators), and the 1300 series was launched in 1961. Other companies were taken over, and Fujitsu, a Japanese company bought 80 per cent of the company in 1990.