Charles Blacker Vignoles, English surveyor and civil engineer, c 1820.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving of Charles Blacker Vignoles, a pioneer of the railways. Vignoles supervised the construction of the first railway in Ireland in 1834, and was then employed to survey and construct a number of railways in the British Isles and on in mainland europe. Between 1847 and 1853 Vignole built, and also designed, the suspension bridge over the River Dnieper in Kiev, Rusia. Five years later, he surveyed and supervised the construction of the 155-mile (250 km) Tudela and Bilbao Railway in Spain.