Hermann Julius Oberth, Austro-Hungarian lecturer, 1930.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Hermann Julius Oberth (1894-1989) was regarded, with Robert Goddard (1882-1945), as one of the fathers of modern astronautics. He simulated weightlesnes and designed a long-range liquid-propelled rocket. He published 'The Rocket into Interplanetary Space' and later wrote 'The Road to Space Travel'. In 1941 he was asistant to the German rocket engineer Wernher von Braun (1912-1977) and worked with the Italian Navy developing solid-propellant and anti-aircraft rockets and advanced rocket research for the US army.