Robert Stirling Newall, English engineer and astronomer, c 1875.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Robert Stirling Newall (1812-1889) invented wire-ropes in 1840. Newall also laid submarine telegraph cables and invented a cone for laying cables in the deep. Newall was also reponsible for a series of drawings of the Sun made between 1848 and 1852.