Emile Reynaud, French inventor, c 1870-1879.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Emile Reynaud (1844-1918) patented the Praxinscope in 1877. Intended as a child's toy, the Praxinscope was a cylinder with a band of coloured images set inside. When turned, a central drum of mirrors would reflect the coloured images inside as if they were stationary. Reynaud's invention was an improvement on the Zoetrope and so he went on to produce the Praxinscope commercially. In 1878 it received an honourable mention at the Paris Exposition.