Kodak Brownie camera with original box, c 1902.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
George Eastman marketed the original Brownie to be an inexpensive camera for the mas market; when first introduced in 1900, the price of the camera was just $1(5 shillings in UK). As well as being cheap, the camera was extremely simple to use, even for children. The Brownie made photography accesible to the mases in a manner similar to how the introduction of the Model T Ford popularised motoring. Designed by Frank Brownell, the camera was literally a cardboard box with a wooden end, yet it took perfectly good photographs. Eastman named the camera after characters popularised by the Canadian children's author, Palmer Cox, illustrations of which feature on the box. Manufactured by Eastman Kodak Co, Rochester, New York, United States.