A girl kneeling in prayer at her bedside. Magic lantern slide manufactured by Bamforths, c 1890. Magic lantern shows began towards the end of the 17th century but only became more widespread towards the end of the 19th century with the improvement in lamp sources. The shows could range from simple didactic presentations (a favourite topic was the demon drink) to sophisticated shows using double or triple lanterns to produce moving and disolving images on the screen and, in the case of the Phantasmagoria, an eerie, magical experience.
© National Museum of Science & Media / Science & Society Picture Library