The 'Novelty' steam locomotive, c 1830.
© NRM / Pictorial Collection / Science & Society Picture Library
Coloured lithograph by R Martins after an original drawing by Charles Vignoles (1793-1875) showing 'Novelty' hauling a train of carriages, two of which are supporting horse-drawn carriages. Novelty was designed and built by John Braithwaite (1797-1870) and John Ericson (1803-1889) and was based on road steam carriages of the time. It was entered in the Rainhill Trials competition of 1829, which aimed to establish the most efficient locomotive for haulage on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway and was won by Robert Stephenson's (1803-1859) 'Rocket'.