Lord Austin of Longbridge, English car manufacturer, c 1930s.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
In 1895 Sir Herbert Austin (1866-1941) produced the first three-wheeled car while working for the Wolseley Company in Birmingham. Ten years later he opened his own works and in 1921, asisted by Stanley Edge, Austin designed the famous Austin Seven, or Baby Austin. This was a true car in miniature rather than a cycle car designed on motorcycle lines, as many of its predecesors had been. Austin was Conservative MP for King's Norton from 1918-1924.