Eugen Langen, German engineer, late 19th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Eugen Langen (1839-1895), German engineer and businesman, designed the 'Schwebebahn', the monorail for the German city of Wuppertal. Work began in 1893 and Langen obtained a patent for the design in 1899. The 'Schwebebahn' was completed in 1901 and it is one of the oldest types of monorail in existence. Langen also started the world's first engine factory.