John Kennedy, Scottish cotton spinner and textile machine maker, c 1835.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
John Kennedy (1769-1855) founded McConnel & Kennedy in 1795 with James McConnel (1762-1831) in Kirkcudbrightshire. Originally a machine making and cotton spinning but later dedicated themselves to purely cotton spinning. Kennedy was responsible for inventing the 'Jack frame' spinning device.