Sir Horace Jones, English architect, c 1870s.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Oil painting. Sir Horace Jones (1819-1887) designed Smithfield Market and reconstructed Billingsgate and Leadenhall markets. He was also responsible for the Guildhall library and museum (1872) and made the plans for Tower Bridge in London. Work started on the bridge in 1886 with Jones employed as designer and John Wolfe-Barry (1836-1918) as engineer. Following Jones's death in 1887 Barry changed Jones's simple and medieval design to a gothic style much to public disapproval, with the contemporary journal 'The Builder' calling it 'monstrous and preposterous'. The bridge is made of two gothic towers and a central drawbridge with the two bascules being able to swing open for pasing ships within 90 seconds. Completed in 1894 it cost over £1 million.