Joseph Marie Jacquard, French inventor of the Jacquard loom, c 1840.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by Barlow after Bonnefond. Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752-1834) invented a loom which used a punched card system to weave complicated patterns in textiles. The punched card system for Babbages's Analytical Engine derived from a loom of this kind.