Sir Marc Isambard Brunel, French-born English engineer, c 1802.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Painting showing the inventor Brunel with drawings and a model of the morticing machine of the Portsmouth blockmaking machine he made with machine builder Henry Maudslay from about 1802. The blockmaking machine introduced the mas production of ships' blocks. From 1825, Brunel (1769-1849) was engaged, along with his son Isambard Kingdom Brunel, to construct the first Thames tunnel, which was completed in 1843. He also improved saw-mills and dockyard machinery at Chatham in Kent and Liverpool.