Charles Babbage, British mathematician and computing pioneer, 1874.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Drawing in pencil and chalk by Frederick Piercy. Babbage (1791-1871) was a computer pioneer and inventor, reformer, mathematician, scientist, philosopher and political economist. His Analytical Engine of 1834 was the first calculating engine designed along modern lines and he is said to be the 'father' of computing.