Olive Mount Cutting, near Liverpool, 1848.
© NRM / Pictorial Collection / Science & Society Picture Library
Lithograph, drawn and lithographed by Arthur Fitzwilliam Tait (1819-1905), showing stone being loaded onto a train at Olive Mount Cutting, on the London & North Western Railway. Olive Mount posed a problem for George Stephenson, (1781- 1848) during the construction of the Liverpool & Manchester line in 1830. Over 480,000 cubic yards of sandstone was blasted out to make the two mile cutting, resulting in the first extensive stone cutting on any railway. The rock was used to build the Roby embankment and Sankey Viaduct.