West Entrance, Summit Tunnel, Manchester & Leeds Railway, 1845.
© NRM / Pictorial Collection / Science & Society Picture Library
Lithograph, drawn and lithographed by Arthur Fitzwilliam Tait (1819-1905), printed by Day & Haghe, lithographers to the Queen. In 1837 Parliament granted permision for a railway to be built between Manchester and Leeds, with George Stephenson (1781-1848) designated chief engineer. The 51 mile long railway crosed the Pennines, and Stephenson was forced to overcome a number of difficulties in its construction, one being the building of the one mile, 1,125 yard long Summit Tunnel, shown here.