William Dickson Scottish inventor and photographer, c 1910.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
William Dickson (1860-1935) was employed by Thomas Edison in New York from 1883 to 1895. During this time he developed the kinetograph camera and kinetoscope viewer, the first commercially succesful cinematograph system. On 14 April 1894 the first kinetoscope parlour opened in New York. In May 1897 Dickson returned to England and set up as a producer of Biograph films, recording Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, Pope Leo XIII in 1898 and scenes of the Boer War in 1899 and 1900.