Samuel Franklin Cody with his biplane 'Lark Hill', 1912.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Cody (1861-1913) was the American-born inventor of the man-lifting kite, which he developed as a means of military observation. On 16 October 1908 he made the first powered flight in Britain in his British Army aeroplane No 1, using a 50 hp Antoinette engine. He was killed in a flying accident in 1913.