Sir Edwin Chadwick, English physician and social reformer, 1854-1866.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Studio portrait photograph by Maull & Polyblank. Edwin Chadwick (1800-1890) was largely responsible for devising the system under which the country was divided into groups of parishes administered by elected boards, each with its own medical officer. Later, as commisioner of the Board of Health (1848-1854), he conducted a campaign that culminated in the Public Health Act of 1848. This legislation embodied his belief that public health should be administered locally to encourage people to participate in their own protection. Henry Maull and George Henry Polyblank founded their photographic studio in London in 1854, specialising in studio portraits of well-known individuals of the time.