Birt Acres, pioneer film maker, late 19th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
In 1895, American-born Acres (1854-1918) collaborated with R W Paul (1869-1943) to build a cine camera, the Kinetic Lantern, which was used to film the Oxford and Cambridge boat race, the Derby at Epsom, the opening of the Kiel Canal and other subjects of that year. He demonstrated his films to the Royal Photographic Society in 1896, and went on to found the Northern Photographic Company, which specialised in coating, perforating and procesing film. In 1898 he made 'Incident at Clovelly Cottage', the first succesful moving picture film in UK.