The Pencil of Nature, 1844-1846.
© Royal Photographic Society/National Media Museum/Science & Society Picture Library
The Pencil of Nature published by William Henry Fox Talbot (1800-1877). This was the first book illustrated with photographs. Fox Talbot invented the positive/negative proces for producing photographs between 1835-39. Any number of prints could be made from the same shot by transferring the negative image onto special paper to make a positive print; Fox Talbot called these prints calotypes.